FEFA interviewed 125 members of Wolesi Jirga to get their views on electoral reform process. The findings of this survey show that absolute majority of MPs support the electoral reform and consider it a pre-condition for conducting an intact election in the future. The findings of survey were released today in a press conference. Based on the findings of survey 64% of MPs agreed that members of electoral commissions must receive votes of confidence from Wolesi Jirga individually. Likewise, 60% of the MPs demand changing of the electoral system to strengthen the presence of political parties in parliament. However, 69% of interviewed MPs said that they will nominate themselves in upcoming parliamentary election.
After the collapse of Taliban in late 2001, the new government was established; the constitution was codified and the dictatorship was replaced to the democracy and rule of people. However Afghanistan passed four elections cycles within the last ten years it still faces challenges which need to be reformed immediately.
Strengthening democracy and good governance in Afghanistan is a goal of FEFA. FEFA is a national independent civil society organization which is established to observe the implementation of democratic process and institutionalize democracy and good governance in the country. FEFA observes the electoral process, the performance of the national assembly, conducts surveys and researches and do lobbying for electoral reform and women political rights to support the democratic principles in the country.
FEFA conducts a research and will focus on the following issues:
strengthening democracy, good governance, transparent and fair election, role of political parties in the election, women participation in electoral process and etc.. FEFA will collect the opinion of the different categories of the society regarding the mentioned issues. The research will cover all the country and the interviewees will be asked questions about the mentioned issues.
FEFA believes the results of this research will reflex the public opinion on the mentioned issues. The results of this research can be a good resource for the policy makers and programmers to use them while codifying policies, plan or program.
After the research is completed and FEFA could get access to the opinion of people. FEFA will lobby for the results and consider them in its missions especially in the upcoming 2014 presidential election.
The findings of this study on the provisions of the Law on Elections come primarily from the survey with members of the Wolesi Jirga. The 22 questions of the survey were based on the provisions of the draft law on Elections that has been brought to Wolesi Jirga for approval. The questions were designed after a through desk research of the law and the options proposed by different actors. The design of the survey was done is such a way as to portray all the options of the most important provisions (the options offered by the Government, some political parties and civil society) and MPs were asked which would be their preference.
Download The Survey Report
The democratization process needs the political structure to be reformed taking the realities ofthe society into account. To this end, we have to increase public awareness and engage CSOs more in this process.Elections, as an important part of the democratization process are used to bring elected officials into power. In order to hold transparent elections, the institutions responsible for administering elections should be regulated clearly with a law.
Noting the lessons FEFA learned from two presidential elections and two parliamentarian elections, it has been proven that some problems are directly related to structural and legal framework of the Independent Election Commission.
Afghanistan’s electoral system will encounter serious problems in the future if these existing problems are not resolved. A major challenge is the lack of the Law on the Commission’s Composition, Duties and Mandate and this has undermined the credibility of this body.
Wednesday, 07 December 2011
In democratic countries particular focus has been given to voting method or election systems. Because, electoral systems have consistently affected the overall political development process, and have had direct and reciprocal effects on the structure of the political and economic system and power structure.
An election system can also have a decisive role in the method of electing country’s political leaders.
It is clear that reforms of election system, considering political development priorities, is a sustainable process and has always been in the focus of political leaders, due to the fact that, the type and effectiveness of a system is an important motive for stability and development in a country.
In recent years reforming the election system in Afghanistan has been the subject of debates by local and international organizations, but no practical steps have been taken so far. Therefore, it is necessary to take concrete steps in addressing the irregularities identified in the past elections and to enhance debates on substantial issues related to the electoral processes in order for the reform to succeed.